Dyskinesia management is challenging, and there is currently no consistently reliable intervention. A child might manage relatively well during periods of minimal dyskinesia, however, this can change rapidly due to uncontrollable factors such as behavioural states.
What is it?
Dyskinesia is a pattern of involuntary movements and postures due to abnormal control of muscles by the brain. There many types of dyskinesia, which are named according to the type of movement – eg. Dystonia is a well-known type of dyskinesia.
Dyskinesia and spasticity are frequently present together yet the sustained high muscle tone in spasticity can “hide” the underlying dyskinesia. Unlike spasticity, thoughts and behaviour can heavily influence dyskinesia - unwanted movements and postures commonly increase during periods of excitement, anxiety or attempts at voluntary movement.